Skip to main content
Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Cooperation with governments

The Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs coordinates and organises regulatory and industrial policy dialogues with many of the EU's strategic partners.

This important activity aims to achieve greater convergence of the rules shaping global business, reducing tariff and non-tariff barriers, and making it easier for European companies, especially small businesses, to expand internationally.

The dialogues cover issues such as standards, conformity assessment and innovation, and several industry sectors.


We work to address issues encountered by EU industry when operating in, or exporting to China, through dialogues with the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). The EU and China also cooperate in a number of sectorial dialogues.

EU-China cooperation


We cooperate with European standardisation organisations to support and operate the Seconded European Standardization Expert for India (SESEI) project. The objective is to raise awareness of the European standardisation system. The November 2018 communication by the European Commission, 'Elements for an EU strategy on India', stresses the need to enhance the partnership for sustainable modernisation and the rules-based global order. We contribute to the India-EU Sub-Commission on Economic Cooperation Economic Committee and the India-EU Sub-Commission on Trade.

The SESEI project

EU-India trade from the website of the Directorate-General for Trade

EU-India relations from the website of the European External Action Service (EEAS)

Communication: Elements of an EU Strategy on India from the EEAS website


We have been working with the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) on an industrial policy dialogue since 1998. The aim is to further develop regulatory convergence and overcome regulatory hurdles. This cooperation allows for better mutual understanding of respective policies, particularly those relating to small businesses. We were also involved in the negotiations for the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) that entered into force on 1 February 2019. The EU-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation, created in 1987, has set up an ‘EPA Helpdesk’ for companies that want to learn how to benefit from the agreement.

EU-Japan cooperation


The EU and US economies are the most integrated in the world. EU-US trade is worth more than EU trade with any other country. The objective of the European Commission is to further strengthen this trade relationship. Therefore, we have been working to further promote transatlantic economic cooperation, in particular by reducing unnecessary barriers and costs for businesses which stem from regulatory differences.

EU-US cooperation