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Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

RRF investments and industrial ecosystem

Most industrial ecosystems have suffered significant shocks from the recent health and economic crisis and the ensuing restrictions. In order to chart a path to recovery, the EU has launched the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF). The RRF entered into force in February 2021 to mitigate the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is the cornerstone of NextGenerationEU, an unprecedented EU recovery instrument to help repair the immediate economic and social damage of the coronavirus pandemic. The RRF will disburse up to €723.8 billion (in current prices) in grants and loans to EU countries.

EU countries will use the funds provided by the RRF to implement ambitious reforms and investments to make their economies and societies more sustainable, resilient and prepared for the green and digital transitions.

In the documents available on this page, you can see the results of Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs’ analysis on how the approved national plans contribute to recovery for a number of industrial ecosystems. You can find our estimates of the amounts spent on each ecosystem, explanations of how the plans contribute to economic recovery and the twin transitions, as well as some striking examples of measures taken by EU countries in each area.


Investment support for ecosystems


Further Reading

Recovery and Resilience Scoreboard (