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Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
News article15 March 2021Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

New guidance to help contracting authorities fight collusion in public procurement

The European Commission has released new guidance for European contracting authorities on how to use EU law to address suspected cases of collusion in public procurement. It is also providing further detail on tools announced in 2017 to help EU countries better deter, detect and address collusion.

Illegal secret agreements between companies to coordinate their tenders and predetermine who will win a public contract has been estimated to raise the price a public authority pays by up to 60% when compared to normal market conditions. In emergencies, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, public authorities’ urgent need to quickly procure large quantities of supplies and services for health systems may exacerbate this risk. Some companies may try to take advantage of the emergency and artificially restrict competition to maximise their gains at the expense of public finances.

The detrimental effects of collusion on public finances may prove even greater in the aftermath of emergencies as economic recovery greatly depends on the best possible use of public funds and on sizeable investments in critical economic sectors. Undue spending of excessive amounts for works, supplies and services means fewer public funds for core state business, larger budget deficits, and a greater need for borrowing. This jeopardises countries’ financial stability and undermines recovery efforts. In addition, widespread collusion may make legitimate businesses hesitant to participate in public sector projects, further undermining efforts to attract private investment into infrastructure.

The notice adopted today provides a handy, concise, and ready-to-use tool for national authorities and procurement officers to help minimize the risk of collusion and address suspected cases. It includes tools for EU countries and contracting authorities to improve their capabilities to address the problem, as well as ways to foster cooperation between national central procurement and competition authorities. It also sets out the European Commission’s guidance on how to best use the EU public procurement directives to exclude tenderers in cases where there are sufficiently plausible indications of collusion.

The main aim of this notice is to raise awareness among contracting authorities and businesses alike when it comes to respecting the rules and ensuring genuine competition in public procurement markets. This will help ensure that public money is spent efficiently on the road to economic recovery.

The publication of this notice fulfils a commitment the European Commission made in its 2017 Communication ‘Making public procurement work in and for Europe’, as well as its 2020 Communication ‘Long term action plan for better implementation and enforcement of single market rules’.

More information

Notice on tools to fight collusion in public procurement and on guidance on how to apply the related exclusion ground

More on EU public procurement

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