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Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Publications (152)

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  • Report
  • Loick Dubois, Jean-Guillaume Sahuc, Gauthier Vermandel

A General Equilibrium Approach to Carbon Permit Banking

WP2024/20 - This paper studies the general equilibrium effects of carbon permit banking during the transition to a climate-neutral economy by 2050.

  • Report
  • Mario Holzner

Catalytic Industrial Policy – in concordia varietas

WP2024/17 - This essay suggests that there is a need for a Catalytic Industrial Policy (CIP) aimed at maximising positive outcomes on three axes at the same time – the green, the digital and the social – in order to speed up their realisation.

  • Report
  • Frank Vandermeeren

Understanding EU-China exposure

This economic brief highlights different angles of EU-China exposure across trade, investment and technology.

  • Factsheet
  • Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

SMEs and high inflation - infographics

Infographics accompanying the report on SMEs and high inflation.

  • Report
  • Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

SMEs and high inflation

Since 2021, the European Union has experienced historically high levels of inflation, with year-on-year increases in consumer prices reaching as high as 11.5 % in October 2022. The present study assesses how this environment of high inflation has affected small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).