All electric devices or installations influence each other when interconnected or close to each other, e.g. interference between TV sets, GSM handsets, radios and nearby washing machine or electrical power lines. The purpose of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to keep all those side effects under reasonable control. EMC designates all the existing and future techniques and technologies for reducing disturbance and enhancing immunity.
The electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU ensures that electrical and electronic equipment does not generate, or is not affected by, electromagnetic disturbance.
In the spotlight
What the Commission does
The EMC Directive limits electromagnetic emissions from equipment in order to ensure that, when used as intended, such equipment does not disturb radio and telecommunication, as well as other equipment. The directive also governs the immunity of such equipment to interference and seeks to ensure that this equipment is not disturbed by radio emissions, when used as intended.
The main objectives of the directives are to regulate the compatibility of equipment regarding EMC:
- equipment (apparatus and fixed installations) needs to comply with EMC requirements when it is placed on the market and/or taken into service
- the application of good engineering practice is required for fixed installations, with the possibility that competent authorities of EU countries may impose measures in instances of non-compliance.
The objective of the guide is to assist with the common application of the Directive 2014/30/EU. The guide has no weight in law, but deals with a number of practical issues that are of interest to manufacturers and other stakeholders.
- Guide for the EMCD (Directive 2014/30/EU) (1MB) available in English, French and German,
- Questions and answers on the transition from Directive 2004/108/EC to 2014/30/EU (526 kB)
- EMC ADCO information for economic operators (299 kB)
Issues with respect to implementation are regularly considered.
ADCO documents and recommendations
The administrative co-operation (EMC ADCO) is an independent working group run and chaired by the EU countries.
The group is a forum for cooperation and exchange of information between national market surveillance authorities.
EMC ADCO information sheet for economic operators (299 KB)
Example of EU declaration of conformity (DoC) adopted by EMC ADCO (Word document, 39 kB)
European language requirements for products covered by EMCD 2014/30/EU (2.0)
Results of the latest Market Surveillance campaigns of ADCO - market surveillance reports:
- Report on the 10th joint cross-border EMC market surveillance campaign on PLC (2018)New
- Report on the 9th joint cross-border EMC market surveillance campaign on eCigarettes (2017)
- Report on the 8th joint cross-border EMC market surveillance campaign on inductive appliances (2017)
- Report on the 7th joint cross-border EMC/LVD market surveillance campaign on LED floodlights (2017)
- Report on the 6th Joint Cross-Border EMC market surveillance campaign on solar panel inverters (2014) (86 kB)
For more reports, please see the ADCO page.
Working party documents
The working party (EMC WP) deals with general policy issues related to the management and implementation of the directive. It is chaired by the Commission and involves EU national authorities, standardisers, notified bodies, Industry and other interested parties. EMC WP documents are not legally binding. They aim at clarifying certain provisions or elements of the directive.
Documents adopted or endorsed by EMC WP:
European harmonised standards are developed by the European standardisation organisations (ESOs) following a mandate issued by the European Commission. The EMC directive also requires publication in the OJEU of the references to these standards in order for them to be harmonised and so provide for a presumption of conformity.
|M/552 - general mandate for harmonised standards under EMC Directive 2014/30/EU|
Notified bodies are conformity assessment bodies notified by the competent Member States authorities to carry out the relevant conformity assessment procedures on products to be placed on the EU market, according to the applicable EU legislation. See the lists on the NANDO website.
- Notified bodies in new approach - single market - regulatory policy
- Bodies notified under Directive: 2014/30/EU - electromagnetic compatibility
EU conformity assessment bodies designated under all mutual recognition agreements (MRAs)
The conformity assessment body (CAB) is designated to carry out the relevant tasks defined in the legislation of the third country the European Union has signed a mutual recognition agreement (MRA) with Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States of America.
Workshop on coexistence challenges of the evolution in the use of the UHF band (Brussels, 12 December 2014)
- Agenda and presentations
- Workshop: coexistence challenges of the evolution in the use of the UHF band (12/12/2014)
3rd Workshop on receivers affected by new radio services LTE in the 800 MHz band (October 2012)
2nd Workshop on cable TV receivers affected by new radio services in the 800 MHz band (June 2010)
- BENETZA: Immunity of integrated TV receivers, set top boxes and data modems connected to broadband cable and TV networks against radiation from LTE user equipment (97 kB)
- CABLE EUROPE: Joint effort on mitigating interference: a cable perspective (45 kB)
- Chairman JWG: Report from the CENELEC/ETSI JWG on the digital dividend (166 kB)
- Philips: Digital dividend from the point of view of a TV manufacturer (320 kB)
- Vodafone: Cable TV receivers and new radio services in the 800MHz band: An operator perspective (243 kB)
Deliverables from the joint working group ETSI/CENELEC on the digital dividend (August 2010)
EU countries have the primary responsibility to implement the EMC directive. Manufacturers have to give notice of their intention to place certain types of equipment on the market, and market surveillance authorities communicate with manufacturers when they suspect that products do not comply with the Directive.
- Central contact points in charge of implementation of Directive 2014/30/EU (285 kB)
- Central contact points in charge of the market surveillance under Directive 2014/30/EU (224 kB)