Objectives of the commitment
To be a an open, quadruple helix (multi-stakeholder) network that supports the required technological, legal, social, economic, environmental and organisational innovation with respect to Enhanced Landfill Mining within the context of a transition to a circular, low carbon economy. Definition: Enhanced Landfill Mining is defined as âthe safe exploration, conditioning, excavation and integrated valorisation of (historic, present and/or future) landfilled waste streams as both materials (Waste-to-Material, WtM) and energy (Waste-to-Energy, WtE), using innovative transformation technologies and respecting the most stringent social and ecological criteria.â (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.05.021). ELFM is part of a wider view of a circular economy and is perfectly complementary to urban mining and recycling in general.
Description of the activities
Its main tasks are to be a network that:
â¢ maps and shares information on the current level and future potential of Enhanced Landfill Mining projects and programmes in the EUâs Member States;
â¢ further elaborates Enhanced Landfill Mining and integrates it with both traditional recycling/urban mining and other landfill mining concepts such as temporary storage places, bioreactors, and sustainable landfilling;
â¢ keeps track and stimulates the innovation in science and technology for exploration, excavation, separation/recovery, transformation/upcycling in view of improved resource utilisation efficiency;
â¢ analyses national and EU Landfill and Waste/Materials Management legislation and develops policy guidelines for improved legislation frameworks (revised EU Waste Hierarchy) and economic incentives in line with the expected public benefits of ELFM;
â¢ develops and applies scientifically based methods for evaluating ELFM in terms of social, environmental and economic impacts, from a local, regional to global perspective;
â¢ develops and executes ELFM research, demonstration and coordination projects;
â¢ disseminates the technological and non-technological features of ELFM to a diversity of audiences including local communities.
Description of the expected impacts
The expected impact of EURELCO (and the initiatives derived from/through it) is that by 2020 Enhanced Landfill Mining is implemented EU wide as a key component of a resource efficient, circular and low carbon economy. The EUâs 150.000 to 500.000 landfills provide for a substantial part of the EUâs material, energy and land needs. EURELCO will pave the way for breakthrough exploration, separation, transformation and upcycling technologies that are also used for recycling/urban mining of newly produced waste and residues.
â¢ Breakthrough innovation in novel technologies (e.g. Advanced Dry Separation, Gasplasma treatment as new BAT for treatment of MSW and produced RDF from landfills, Upcycling technologies (e.g. New geopolymer binder technology, New technology for multifunctional (insulating) building block from recycled RUSW streams replacing OPC)
â¢ Secondary raw materials brought back into economic cycle
â¢ Reduced eco-impact (Lower the overall CO2 emissions, > 2800-6000 km2 Land reclamation available again for nature or other purposes, Avoiding human health issues in the future associated with landfill pollution problems, Reducing health impact associated with primary mining)
â¢ Economic savings and social aspects (Avoidance of future landfill remediation costs for EU-28 Governments, Job creation in the ELFM industry
â¢ Improved knowledge of transfer (Organisation of Multi-Stakeholder Participation Platform facilitating Transfer of EU Guidelines, Clear interaction with local communities and end-users of recyclates (cement and concrete industry in particular))
Coordinating organisation & role
Name of the coordinating organisation: KU LeuvenCountry: BelgiumEntity profile: AcademiaRole within the commitment:
He is in charge of the overall coordination and will be supported by a Management Support Team (MST). He chairs the Steering Committee and General Assembly meetings. The key role of this person is to allow the Consortium to prosper, in an atmosphere of confidence. He/she is an ambassador for the Consortium and is willing to speak at a diversity of venues in order to put ELFM on the map.
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur FÃ¶rderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V.
Name of the organisation: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur FÃ¶rderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V. Country: Germany Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: Fraunhofer will lead the CFRP and GFRP recycling research.
Fraunhofer will perform corrosion tests on the developed materials.
Fraunhofer will work with CIDAUT on the implementation, validation and refinement of LCCA tools for the project. Fraunhofer is the Quality Manager of the Consortium and will oversee deliverables and general reporting are produced with the best possible quality following agreed review standards.
Name of the organisation: Fundacion Cidaut Country: Spain Entity profile:
Role within the commitment: CIDAUT will lead the research activities on materials recycling and compounding, implementing lab scale demonstrators of each process at its premises and, later, supporting end-users upscale the processes.
CIDAUT will perform mechanical tests, microstructural analyses, injection moulding capability studies on the developed materails, and will work with Fraunhofer on the implementation, validation and refinement of LCCA tools for the project.
RWTH Aachen University (Institute of plastic processing (IKV)
Name of the organisation: RWTH Aachen University (Institute of plastic processing (IKV) Country: Germany Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: RWTH will implement the novel 3D Generative Preforming process (3D Fibre Spraying) that enables to create high-value long fibre-reinforced 3D preforms for thermoplastic and thermoset composites at low process costs (different kinds of yarn as a raw material, low tooling costs due to low cavity pressures). This cost effective technology allows to align the sprayed fibres in order to produce high-performance, engineered anisotropic products.
Universita' di Cagliari
Name of the organisation: Universita' di Cagliari Country: Italy Entity profile:
Role within the commitment: University of Cagliari is one of the leading European organization in the resin design and coupling with thermoplastic and thermose materials. University of Cagliari will support in the definition of the composite materials, both from CFRP/GFRP, ABS and Rare Earth composite material.
Name of the organisation: Relight Country: Italy Entity profile: Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: RELIGHT will work with ITRB to provide the research partners with residues for the recycled ABS supply and the REE recovery processes, including their HydroWEEE process as part of the processes to be studied and analyzed.
Name of the organisation: Piaggio Aerospace Country: Italy Entity profile: Private sector - large company
Role within the commitment: Piaggio Aerospace is one of the project End Users (Aeronautics Industry): as such it will provide requirements and further applications that could be developed with the Consortium Materials. Piaggio will assist in the compounds selection, provide Fraunhofer with specific corrosion requirements on business jet size aircraft, and will assess that the developed materials performance fits the selected applications desired improvements.
Name of the organisation: Blackshape Aircrafts Country: Italy Entity profile: Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: Blackshape Aircrafts is one of the project End Users (Aeronautics Industry): as such it will provide requirements and further applications that could be developed with the Consortium Materials. Blackshape will support to fulfill the requirements of the aeronautics industry on ultra light jet, light jet and trainer for Syllabus, and will assess that the developed alloys performance fits the selected applications desired improvements.
Name of the organisation: KU Leuven Country: Belgium Entity profile: Academia
Role within the commitment: KUL will collaborate on the balance problem studies and will lead the rare earth recovery research with the solvometallurgical and ionometallurgical processes.
KUL will also contribute to the final compounding selection.
KUL is the Dissemination Manager of the project, promoting that all partners are active on the project Dissemination.
Name of the organisation: FIDAMC Country: Spain Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: FIDAMC is going to lead the Work Package on Compression Moulding with CFRP-enhanced materials. As part of the AIRBUS Group, FIDAMC will also be able to provide the input material.
FIDAMC successfully developed a 3D Printer of own design to serve the Aerospace Industry and will be supporting Smart Lab 3D Industries in its 3D printer design.
COMPOSITE INNOVATION CENTER
Name of the organisation: COMPOSITE INNOVATION CENTER Country: Canada Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: Composite Innovation Center is one of the world leading organization in the field of Composite materials, both from carbon fiber and vegetal-based fibers.
Composite Innovation center has successfully implemented, at lab-scale, recycling processes for CFRP and GFRP.
Existing EU Contribution: No
Period to implement the commitment: from 11-03-2014 to 11-03-2020