Objectives of the commitment
The economically most important metallogenetic belts of the EU have diverse geology with evident potential for different types of mineral resources. The polymetallic ores in these belts are the most feasible sources of critical, high-tech or other economically important metals in the EU. In addition to the variable geology, the special vulnerability of the environment and the glacial sedimentary cover in the Arctic regions of northern Europe, and the thick weathering crust and more densely populated nature of the target areas in the Iberian and Central European belts influence the practice of mineral exploration in different ways. Therefore the new sensitive exploration concepts and technologies introduced by the project should be optimized and tested on diverse ore types and European areas.
Description of the activities
Implementation of the commitment is based on four major areas of action:
1. Research: Mineral systems
The establishment of the mineral system concept of deposit types that are critical for the EU including high-tech and other economically important metals in the following ore types of the Fennoscandian and Iberian mineral belts: magmatic Ni-Cu-PGE, granite related W-Sn(Nb-Ta-Li-Au), volcanic-hosted massive sulfide Cu-Zn(Co-In-Tl-Ga-Sn-Ag), and orogenic Au(Co-Cu-Bi-Te). These are among the most important ore types in Europe and it is expected that they will be the primary targets of expansion of mining in the EU. The development of mineral system models for the selected ore types and mineral belts is supported by the extensive databases available at the cooperating geological surveys and mining companies. These databases will be extended by research on mineral systems and data produced by application of new technologies developed in the framework of the project. The outputs of these activities are definitions and characterizations of these deposit types and vectoring tools towards these selected ore deposit types.
2. Technological development: New environmentally sound exploration technologies and solutions
Geophysical and remote sensing exploration techniques using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are the most environmentally sensitive exploration technologies available. The development of new geophysical tools for mineral exploration is focused on implementing the existing techniques on UAV platform. This requires new concepts and new sensor technologies due to the limitations and advantages of UAVâs. These survey methods will offer new cost-effective and environmentally sensitive exploration tools by reducing the number of deep drill holes needed to reveal ore hosting structures or use of expensive manned aircrafts. In addition to traditional exploration geochemistry, biogeochmistry & geomicrobiology give new insights into use of chemical signatures of ore deposits and related alteration haloes that can lead into new discoveries. Together with the high precision geophysical, portable in-situ exploration tools and remote sensing technology these methodologies create a toolbox of new sensitive exploration technologies in various scales and phases of mineral exploration.The combination of key parameters from mineral system models, data gained from new exploration methods and existing geophysical and geological databases opens up opportunities for the enhancement of conceptual and empirical methods of mineral prospectivity mapping and spatial data mining which are re-processing existing and new geophysical data for mineral potential assessment.
Testing and validating the applicability of new geophysical exploration and mineral prospectivity mapping methods will be carried out by delineation of predicted mineral resources in each mineral belt targeted by the project. These experiments will demonstrate the technological readiness levels of new innovations and form the preparatory background for their commercialization.
3. Clustering with other projects & outreach actions
Synergies with ETP-SMR, EIT Raw Materials (KIC), EU projects and research groups will be established.Foreseen actions such as conferences, workshops, stakeholder meetings, website, social media, videos, educative materials will assist in the delivery of the benefits of NEXT to wider raw materials community. The partners will actively look for synergy in technical areas related to NEXT, facilitate partnerships with industry and coordinate efforts internationally.
Description of the expected impacts
The expected industrial impact of the NEXT project is to boost mineral exploration by developing new environmentally sound exploration technologies and solutions including e.g. geophysical and remote sensing exploration techniques, biogeochemistry, geomicrobiology and spatial data analysis. The new technologies optimized for exploration in diverse terrains will enhance the efficiency of exploration by reducing environmental impacts and costs. Indeed, the development of in-situ sample analyzer will provide a meter to decameter in-situ geochemical acquisition tool for exploration, and the possibility of acquiring data in sensible environment without perturbing the medium. This expected outcome of the project will also re-shape exploration practices on primary mineral resources. The distribution and commercialization of the projectÂ´s outcomes among stakeholders of the extractive industry will improve competitiveness of the European exploration and mining. Testing the results of the project in mineral belts with different geological, environmental and societal challenges of exploration will also support the generalization of know-how and technologies and their potential transfer outside of Europe. The reduced environmental impact of the new technologies and methods developed by the project will promote social acceptance of mining and therefore support further development of the extractive industry in Europe. Another important societal impact is the securing and extending of job opportunities in those areas of the EU that have a long history and further perspectives of metal mining.
Coordinating organisation & role
Name of the coordinating organisation: Geologian tutkimuskeskus - GTKCountry: FinlandEntity profile: Governmental/public bodyRole within the commitment:
Commitment Leader. Project coordination. Dissemination and exploitation. Clustering with other projects. Testing of geophysical and remote sensing exploration techniques especially by using UAV. Defining vectors for mineral exploration based on the mineral system concept, Data mining/spatial data analysis, mineral prospectivity mapping, re-assessment of mineral potential for EU.
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur FÃ¶rderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V.
Name of the organisation: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur FÃ¶rderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V. Country: Germany Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: Fraunhofer will lead the CFRP and GFRP recycling research.
Fraunhofer will perform corrosion tests on the developed materials.
Fraunhofer will work with CIDAUT on the implementation, validation and refinement of LCCA tools for the project. Fraunhofer is the Quality Manager of the Consortium and will oversee deliverables and general reporting are produced with the best possible quality following agreed review standards.
Name of the organisation: Fundacion Cidaut Country: Spain Entity profile:
Role within the commitment: CIDAUT will lead the research activities on materials recycling and compounding, implementing lab scale demonstrators of each process at its premises and, later, supporting end-users upscale the processes.
CIDAUT will perform mechanical tests, microstructural analyses, injection moulding capability studies on the developed materails, and will work with Fraunhofer on the implementation, validation and refinement of LCCA tools for the project.
RWTH Aachen University (Institute of plastic processing (IKV)
Name of the organisation: RWTH Aachen University (Institute of plastic processing (IKV) Country: Germany Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: RWTH will implement the novel 3D Generative Preforming process (3D Fibre Spraying) that enables to create high-value long fibre-reinforced 3D preforms for thermoplastic and thermoset composites at low process costs (different kinds of yarn as a raw material, low tooling costs due to low cavity pressures). This cost effective technology allows to align the sprayed fibres in order to produce high-performance, engineered anisotropic products.
Universita' di Cagliari
Name of the organisation: Universita' di Cagliari Country: Italy Entity profile:
Role within the commitment: University of Cagliari is one of the leading European organization in the resin design and coupling with thermoplastic and thermose materials. University of Cagliari will support in the definition of the composite materials, both from CFRP/GFRP, ABS and Rare Earth composite material.
Name of the organisation: Relight Country: Italy Entity profile: Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: RELIGHT will work with ITRB to provide the research partners with residues for the recycled ABS supply and the REE recovery processes, including their HydroWEEE process as part of the processes to be studied and analyzed.
Name of the organisation: Piaggio Aerospace Country: Italy Entity profile: Private sector - large company
Role within the commitment: Piaggio Aerospace is one of the project End Users (Aeronautics Industry): as such it will provide requirements and further applications that could be developed with the Consortium Materials. Piaggio will assist in the compounds selection, provide Fraunhofer with specific corrosion requirements on business jet size aircraft, and will assess that the developed materials performance fits the selected applications desired improvements.
Name of the organisation: Blackshape Aircrafts Country: Italy Entity profile: Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: Blackshape Aircrafts is one of the project End Users (Aeronautics Industry): as such it will provide requirements and further applications that could be developed with the Consortium Materials. Blackshape will support to fulfill the requirements of the aeronautics industry on ultra light jet, light jet and trainer for Syllabus, and will assess that the developed alloys performance fits the selected applications desired improvements.
Name of the organisation: KU Leuven Country: Belgium Entity profile: Academia
Role within the commitment: KUL will collaborate on the balance problem studies and will lead the rare earth recovery research with the solvometallurgical and ionometallurgical processes.
KUL will also contribute to the final compounding selection.
KUL is the Dissemination Manager of the project, promoting that all partners are active on the project Dissemination.
Name of the organisation: FIDAMC Country: Spain Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: FIDAMC is going to lead the Work Package on Compression Moulding with CFRP-enhanced materials. As part of the AIRBUS Group, FIDAMC will also be able to provide the input material.
FIDAMC successfully developed a 3D Printer of own design to serve the Aerospace Industry and will be supporting Smart Lab 3D Industries in its 3D printer design.
COMPOSITE INNOVATION CENTER
Name of the organisation: COMPOSITE INNOVATION CENTER Country: Canada Entity profile: Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: Composite Innovation Center is one of the world leading organization in the field of Composite materials, both from carbon fiber and vegetal-based fibers.
Composite Innovation center has successfully implemented, at lab-scale, recycling processes for CFRP and GFRP.
Existing EU Contribution: No
Period to implement the commitment: from 15-03-2016 to 31-12-2020