This page includes studies, data and expert groups related to public procurement in the EU.
The public procurement studies below were drafted or commissioned by the Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs (formerly the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry and the Directorate-General for Internal Market and Services). Some studies from other Directorate-Generals are also included.
- 2018 public procurement indicators
- Analysis of SMEs’ needs in public procurement
- Study on the measurement of cross-border penetration in the EU public procurement market
- Analysis of SMEs’ participation in public procurement and the measures to support it
- Compendium of large infrastructure projects
- Economic and legal analysis of the factors leading to a low rate of publication of public procurement opportunities in Germany
- Report on the revision of the common procurement vocabulary
- Study on Border Effects in European Public Procurement
- Study on the practical application and implementation of the European e-Invoicing standard
- Measurement of impact of cross-border penetration in public procurement
- Feasibility study concerning the actual implementation of a joint cross-border procurement procedure by public buyers from different Member States
- Estimating the economic benefits of whistleblower protection in public procurement
- Study on legal assistance on the application of public procurement rules in the waste sector and annexes
- 2015 public procurement indicators
- Study on strategic use of public procurement (final report and country fiches) and data files (220 MB)
- 2014 public procurement indicators (369 kB)
- Economic efficiency and legal effectiveness of review and remedies procedures for public contracts: Final study report, Final study executive summary, Appendixes (data gathering process, perceptions of improvement of public procurement aspects, cost of reviews, usage/relevance of the remedies, factors affecting usage, value for money sensitivity analysis, and probability of complaint sensitivity analysis), Member State fiches (remedy systems in all EU countries - legislation, review procedures, case law)
- 2013 public procurement indicators (4 MB)
- e-Procurement Uptake (6 MB)
- 2014 Anti-Corruption Report commissioned by DG Migration and Home Affairs, containing a special chapter on public procurement.
- SMEs access to public procurement markets and aggregation of demand in the EU (3 MB)
- 2012 Public Procurement Indicators (4 MB)
- Identifying and reducing corruption in public procurement in the EU (5 MB), commissioned by European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF).
- e-Procurement Measurement and Benchmarking (State of play (2 MB), EU Country Profiles (2 MB), Performance indicators (1 MB))
- Golden Book of e-Procurement Good Practices (11 MB)
- e-Tendering Expert Group (e-TEG) recommendations for effective public e-Procurement (Part 1 (231 KB), Part 2 (3 MB))
- 2011 Public Procurement Indicators (114 KB)
- Review of the functioning of the CPV codes and Overview of CPV codes
- 2010 Public Procurement Indicators (63 KB)
- Cross Border Procurement Above EU Thresholds
- Public procurement in Europe: Cost and Effectiveness and Annex: Detailed methodology and data
- Taking stock of utilities procurement
- Estimating the Benefits from the Procurement Directives
- Strategic use of Public Procurement in Europe
- Evaluation Report: Impact and Effectiveness of EU Public Procurement Legislation (Summary (946 KB), Evaluation Report Part 1 (1 MB), Evaluation Report Part 2 (323 KB))
- Impact Assessment for the 2014 procurement directives (2014/24/EC and 2014/25/EC) (Summary, Report)
- Executive summary of the impact assessment of proposal for a directive on the award of concession contracts
- Impact assessment of an initiative on concessions
- Internal Market Scoreboard (a reorganisation at the EU publications office resulted in a loss of the pdf on this first link, the pdf still can be downloaded from the former MARKT website)
- E-certificates and e-attestations usually required in public procurement procedures (Final report (995 KB), National country profiles (4 MB))
- Small business access to public procurement in the EU
- E-catalogues in electronic public procurement (Final report, State of play, Standardisation Initiatives, Functional Requirements)
- Electronic transmission of procurement notices for publication (Final report, Country profiles, Analytical framework)
- Compliance Verification in Electronic Public Procurement
- Evaluation of Public Procurement Directives (1993-2002) (Executive summary (71 KB), Full report (729 KB))
- Interoperability of CPV coding system in Electronic Public Procurement (4 MB)
- Economic effects of public procurement (159 KB)
- Case studies on European electronic public procurement projects (Vol. 1 (499 KB), Vol. 2 (516 KB))
The Commission Government Experts' Group on Public Procurement (EXPP) was established to advise the Commission on public procurement policy. It is composed of government representatives from all EU countries. Representatives come from a range of government bodies, including ministries of economy or finance, public procurement agencies and competition authorities. The Group's task is to assist the Commission in the definition and development of the public procurement policy for the Internal Market, including its international dimension. It complements the Advisory Committee for Public Contracts, the committee procedure body in this field.
The Commission Stakeholder Expert Group on Public Procurement was established by the Commission Decision of 3 September 2011. The task of the group is to provide the Commission with high-quality legal, economic, technical and/or practical insight and expertise to assist it in shaping the EU's public procurement policy. It consists of 20 members, chosen either in their personal capacity (acting independently and in the public interest) or as individuals appointed to represent common interests relevant to procurement or organisations. The first 3-year term of the group came to an end in July 2015 and the first meeting of the newly formed group will take place on 14 September 2015 in Brussels. The group is expected to meet at least twice a year. Agendas and summaries will be published on the dedicated website.
The Multi-Stakeholders Expert Group on eProcurement (EXEP) was based on the Commission communication on "End-to-end e-procurement to modernise public administration". The group's work focuses on the core issues necessary for a successful transition to e-procurement. The group has delivered several reports.
The European Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Electronic Invoicing (EMSFEI) brings together stakeholders from national e-invoicing forums and from the user side of the market. Its objective is to help pave the way for a broad-scale adoption of e-invoicing at national and EU-level. The Forum creates a unique opportunity to exchange experiences and best practice across borders. It also discusses issues of common interest and may issue recommendations to the Commission.
This group provides advice on the possible enhancement of small and medium-sized enterprises' (SMEs) participation in the big defence and security public contracts supply chain.
The Network of First Instance Review Bodies on Public Procurement was established in 2017 to strengthen cooperation between national review bodies in the EU. The group’s task is to advise the European Commission on matters related to the implementation of the Remedies Directives and the functioning of the national remedies systems. As part of the Single Market Strategy, the European Commission encourages first instance review bodies to cooperate to improve the exchange of information and good practice. The evaluation report on the effectiveness of the Remedies Directives and the detailed staff working document accompanying it also paved the way for a new, more comprehensive and proactive European Commission strategy in this area. The evaluation identified certain shortcomings in some aspects of how the remedies directives function. This network was created to address them.