Direct naar de inhoud
Interne Markt, Industrie, Ondernemerschap en Midden- en Kleinbedrijf

The machinery sector is an important part of the engineering industry. Machinery consists of an assembly of components, at least one of which moves, joined together for a specific application. The drive system of machinery is powered by energy other than human or animal effort.

Coronavirus response in relation to additive manufacturing capacity

The additive manufacturing (AM) sector helps mitigate several COVID-19 effects because it can quickly introduce additional industrial capacities to fabricate missing goods. The additive manufacturing process is also known as ‘3D printing’ (3DP) because it uses 3D printers to manufacture a wide range of products for different applications. 3D printed products themselves may also be used to produce medical devices. At the moment, there are examples of the use of 3D printing machinery tools to fabricate constituents of lung ventilators for Intensive Care Units. To help industry and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) explore the industrial capacities offered by additive manufacturing processes, we summarised frequently asked questions.

In the spotlight

EU machinery legislation

One of the main legislations governing the harmonisation of essential health and safety requirements for machinery at EU level is the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC

The directive

  • promotes the free movement of machinery within the single market
  • guarantees a high level of protection for EU workers and citizens

As it is a 'new approach' directive, it promotes harmonisation through a combination of mandatory health and safety requirements and voluntary harmonised standards. The machinery directive only applies to products that are to be placed on the EU market for the first time.

The machinery directive 2006/42/EC was published on 9 June 2006 and became applicable on 29 December 2009. It was amended by Directive 2009/127/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009, with regard to machinery for pesticide application, and by Regulation (EU) No 167/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 February 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of agricultural and forestry vehicles, among others. Read the consolidated text of the directive.

Guidance documents

This document provides guidance on the application of the essential health and safety requirements relating to ergonomics in section 1.1.6 of annex I to the machinery directive and the corresponding harmonised standards.

    Relevant information

    Revision of the Machinery Directive

    The Machinery Directive is the core European legislation regulating products of the mechanical engineering industries. The staff working document, SWD(2018)160, details the conclusion of the Machinery Directive's performance evaluation.

    The evaluation shows that the directive is relatively flexible to technological developments in the digital era, thanks to its 'new approach' underpinnings. Furthermore, it is generally relevant, effective, efficient, coherent and has EU added value.

    However, some of its provisions require better legal clarity and improved coherence with other legislation. Several administrative requirements that affect the Directive's efficiency could also use simplification. Finally, the evaluation indicates that the directive's effectiveness has been affected by shortcomings in monitoring and enforcement. The revision process is currently ongoing.

    More information

    Notified bodies

    Abertech Snc
    via Dante n. 48
    38068 Rovereto, Italy

    Mrs. Sara Balzano
    Tel.: +39 0464 486 333
    e-mail: sarabatabertech [dot] it (sarab[at]abertech[dot]it)

    'Recommendation for use' (RfU) sheets

    The following 'recommendation for use' sheets reflect the common position of the notified bodies in the machinery sector. They have been endorsed by the machinery working group. Their purpose is to assist notified bodies in their tasks of conformity assessment of machinery, mainly for the EC type-examination procedure, in accordance with the terms of the machinery directive. All stakeholders involved in the implementation of the directive should be aware of the existence of this information

    • Horizontal RfU sheets are prefixed by 00 and apply to all types of machinery listed in annex IV of the machinery directive
    • Vertical RfU sheets apply more specifically to a particular category of machinery listed in annex IV, e.g. sheets prefixed by 01 deal with woodworking machinery. They are issued by vertical group No 1 of the coordination of notified bodies


    • GROW-MACHINERYatec [dot] europa [dot] eu (grow-machinery[at]ec[dot]europa[dot]eu)