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Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Supporting clean hydrogen

Hydrogen is expected to play an important role in achieving EU objectives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a minimum of 55% by 2030 and reach net zero emissions by 2050. We are working on actions to facilitate the large-scale deployment of hydrogen use to contribute to climate neutrality. 

To achieve our objectives under the European Green Deal, we need to decouple economic growth from resource use. This will require a transformational change and the full mobilisation of industry.

Hydrogen is expected to play an important role in this transformation. It can be used to carry and store energy, as a fuel and as an energy feedstock. It does not emit CO2 and generates almost no air pollution when used. The use of clean hydrogen can help decarbonise, in particular, energy intensive industries (e.g. steel, chemicals and cement), the transport sector (e.g. heavy duty vehicles, rail and maritime), and the power sector.

For hydrogen to contribute to climate neutrality, its deployment needs to achieve a far larger scale and its production must become decarbonised. The priority is the production and use of renewable hydrogen, however in the short to medium term other forms of low-carbon hydrogen are needed.

European Clean Hydrogen Alliance

The European Clean Hydrogen Alliance was set up by the Commission in July 2020 to support the creation of a European hydrogen industry and the deployment of clean hydrogen for Europe’s green transition. It brings together over 1500 stakeholders (industry, civil society, research bodies, investors, and public authorities) and includes all parts of the hydrogen value chain, from clean hydrogen production and transmission to industry, mobility, energy and buildings applications.

In October 2021, the Alliance presented a report identifying barriers to the large scale deployment of hydrogen, and proposing mitigating measures.

In November 2021, the Alliance published a project pipeline with more than 750 projects that Alliance members are carrying out to roll out clean hydrogen on a large scale.

Hydrogen Public Funding Compass

The EU and its member countries have set up a number of funding tools to help finance hydrogen projects. Interested stakeholders can use the Hydrogen Public Funding Compass to learn more about how their projects can benefit.

Hydrogen IPCEIs

Important projects of common European interest (IPCEIs) can obtain state aid under a specific mechanism to address market failures for large-scale cross-border integrated projects. Work is ongoing on the preparation of a series of hydrogen IPCEIs.

Hydrogen strategy for Europe

The EU has set ambitious targets for the production of hydrogen in Europe in its Hydrogen strategy for a climate-neutral Europe.

The EU also promotes hydrogen research and innovation under its Horizon 2020 research programme managed largely by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking.

Related links

A European Green Deal